Not many religions actually own a country, but Catholicism isn't just any religion. Holy See (Vatican City) is probably per square foot the richest independent state in the world, making up for its total lack of natural resources with an astonishing collection of priceless art treasures.
Headed up by His Holiness, the tiny enclave in the heart of Rome is the administrative and spiritual capital of Roman Catholicism, and the world's smallest independent state. During the working week, the population increases fivefold as residents of Rome cross the 'border' to do the Lord's work.
Despite its importance to the devout - there are an estimated one billion Catholics worldwide - it's not all bells and smells at the Pope's house. Scandal and intrigue have accompanied the office of the papacy for almost two millennia, and plenty of that scandal occurred within the Vatican buildings. But even without a dubious relationship with the Nazis, corruption and rumours of Mafia murders, the Vatican would remain a spectacular destination for history buffs, religious types and art lovers alike.
Full country name: Holy See (Vatican City)
Member of EU:
Area: .44 sq km
Capital City: Vatican City
Religion: Roman Catholic
Head of State: Pope John Paul II
Head of Government: Cardinal Angelo Sodano